Volume 5 (2016)

Tenor of Our Times is an annual journal publishing the work of current and past Harding students on historical and social science topics. The title of the journal originates with the former chairman of the History and Social Science Department, Raymond Muncy, who often said “Historians reflect the tenor of their times.” Tenor of Our Times is a student-managed publication, supported by a faculty editorial board, designed to encourage undergraduate scholarship in understanding the past and present. The journal will include the winners of Raymond L. Muncy Scholarship from the previous academic year and other quality submissions.

Full Issue

Front Matter


Book Reviews


The Dark Days of December
Nathan W. Dickerson

2016 Cover page

Student Editorial Board

Caroline A. Reed
Hunter F. Beck
John L. Frizzell


The Raymond L. Muncy Scholarship is a one-time financial award for those undergraduate students at Harding University majoring in history who demonstrate exceptional scholarship, research, and Christian character. The scholarship was created to honor the late Raymond L. Muncy, chairman of the Department of History and Social Sciences from 1965-1993. His teaching, mentoring, and scholarship modeled the best in Christian education. Applied toward tuition, the award is granted over the span of a single academic year. The award is presented annually at the Department of History and Political Science banquet.

John L. Frizzell’s “Cannae: Crucible of Roman Hatred for Carthage” was selected to receive the primary award for the 2015 Raymond L. Muncy Scholarship.

Joe Aaron Gafford II’s “The Development of the Primacy of the Bishop of Rome” was selected to receive the secondary award for the 2015 Raymond L. Muncy Scholarship.