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Research has been conducted that has found a link between self-efficacy and performance, as well as connections between self-efficacy and self-talk. However, a gap exists in the literature in regard to the relationship between self-talk, self-efficacy, and performance, particularly in regard to cognitive performance. To address this gap, 42 students at a private liberal arts university practiced self-talk; and we assessed both their memory self-efficacy levels and their ability to recall information. The results of the experiment concluded that individuals with high self-efficacy that are exposed to positive self-talk experience significantly worse memory recall than individuals with low self-efficacy that are exposed to positive self-talk and individuals with high self-efficacy that are exposed to neutral self-talk.
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Hunter, C., & Sullins, J. (2020). The Effect of Positive Self-Talk on Self-Efficacy and Memory Recall. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.harding.edu/mcnair-research/17