Volume 2 (2013)

Tenor of Our Times is an annual journal publishing the work of current and past Harding students on historical and social science topics. The title of the journal originates with the former chairman of the History and Social Science Department, Raymond Muncy, who often said “Historians reflect the tenor of their times.” Tenor of Our Times is a student-managed publication, supported by a faculty editorial board, designed to encourage undergraduate scholarship in understanding the past and present. The journal will include the winners of Raymond L. Muncy Scholarship from the previous academic year and other quality submissions.

Full Issue

Front Matter



The Immortal Lafayette
Emalee Krulish


Remembering the Middle Ages
Zachary A. Strietelmeier

2013 Cover image


The Raymond L. Muncy Scholarship is a one-time financial award for those undergraduate students at Harding University majoring in history who demonstrate exceptional scholarship, research, and Christian character. The scholarship was created to honor the late Raymond L. Muncy, Chairman of the Department of History and Social Sciences from 1965-1993. His teaching, mentoring, and scholarship modeled the best in Christian education. Applied toward tuition, the award is granted over the span of a single academic year. The award is presented annually at the Department of History and Social Sciences Banquet.

This issue of Tenor of Our Times is proud to include the work of the recipients of the 2012 Raymond L. Muncy Scholarship, which includes both a primary and a secondary award. Alyssa Kirkman was awarded $1,200 for her essay, “The Meeting of Mothers, Midwives, and Men.” Catherine Hines was awarded $600 for her essay, “Reaping the Turmoil Within: How Ireland’s Kings Triggered the Anglo-Norman Rebellion.”