Publication Date

Spring 2022

Subject Area

Section 5: Cities & Nations in Conflict


For as long as the Catholic Church interacted with the monarchs of other countries, both factions tried to assert authority over each other. In the case of Lisbon, the Church and State tension manifested itself in both factions fighting for control in Lisbon's trading sphere and education, or working in apparent collaboration in the form of the Inquisition. Due to these factors, the government and the Catholic church slowly started to erode Lisbon into a place where they were weak, whether it came from the Inquisition's persecution, or deteriorating the institutions of Lisbon. By looking at this case study of the Church and State tension that plagued the Renaissance time period, the importance both government and religion play in history can be further fleshed out, as well as the danger that can occur when in-fighting occurs between them.

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