Publication Date

Spring 4-8-2020

Subject Area

Section 5: The Times that Try Men's Souls: Navigating a Crisis


This article is in favor of the argument that what happened at Wounded Knee in 1890 was not, as many have believed, a massacre. Instead, by tracing events that led up to the horrific incident such as the formation of reservations, the emergence of the Ghost Dance, and the death of Sitting Bull, this article aims to show that what happened was the result of multiple factors including desperation, panic, suspicion, uneasiness, and especially fear.

About the Author

Brijana Sullivan is a senior History major from Diamond, Mo, and a member of Pi Alpha Theta National History Honor Society and Alpha Chi National College Honor Society. She plans on pursuing a master’s degree in a history-related field after graduation.

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