Publication Date

Spring 2019

Subject Area

Section 4: Politics By Other Means


As countries embrace innovative technologies, thus increasing the speed of interstate communication, the overall nature of interactions between states is changing. Consequently, core diplomatic structures are shifting from the private realm to the public sphere. I argue that Information Communication Technology (ICT) is the major agent of this shift. Less distance between electorates and diplomatic agents due to ICT allows the public to more directly influence international diplomacy. By studying the impact of the telegraph, telephone, Internet, etc., this study examines ICT’s influence on diplomacy, contending that the trend toward an increased dependence on technology will mark another pivotal moment in diplomatic history.

About the Author

Austin Hayes graduated from Harding University in December 2018 as an Honors College Graduate with Distinction, earning a Bachelor of Arts in International Studies and French. He came to Harding from Bald Knob, Arkansas with a love for history but ultimately found his home in political science. Austin was a member of the Phi Sigma Iota and Phi Alpha Theta honor societies and an active McNair Scholar. In fall 2019, Austin will begin his studies for a Master of Science in Global Studies at Oklahoma State University. His research interests include imperialism and developing states, resource management under corrupt governments, gender and sexuality in non- democratic states, and non-verbal communication across cultures.